Hair Dye Side Effects

Dark Honey-Blonde Hair, Glossy-Brown Hair Color, Golden Highlights, Silver-Blonde Hair, and Ombre Hair are the trends in hair dyeing. We dye our hair depending on our preferred hairstyle. Dyeing yourself can be fun, but there are harmful side effects from it. Before considering getting another hair dye, we will discuss the side effects of hair dyeing.

Types of Hair Dyes

Permanent hair dyes

The strongest types of chemicals are found in permanent hair dyes. The highest peroxide concentration will open the hair shaft to get the color to go deeper into the hair. Because of this, it can cause severe damage. Permanent hair dyes last for about 8 to 10 weeks.

Semi-permanent hair dyes

Semi-permanent hair dyes are a better option than permanent hair dyes. It doesn’t alter the natural hair shade but can still be damaging because you need to reapply it continuously. It doesn’t open the hair shaft; however, the color deposit is on the hair cuticles. It contains a lesser amount of peroxide compared to permanent hair dyes. It will last for about 6 weeks.

Temporary hair dyes

Temporary hair dyes are the best option if you are experimenting with different hair colors. It will be applied only on the surface of your hair and fades away with the next washing of your hair.


Bleaching is used if you want to achieve an intense hair color because it will remove your natural hair color by oxidation. Too much hair bleaching can cause the hair to appear yellowish. It would be best to take the necessary precautions and not overdo it to avoid unnecessary hair and scalp damage.

Ammonia free hair dyes

Ammonia free hair dyes are composed of monoethanolamine. This is less damaging than ammonia, but excessive use of it can still cause hair damage.

Side effects of using hair dyes:


Permanent hair dyes contain ammonia and peroxide and strips away the natural color of hair. Exposing your hair to these chemicals regularly can cause hair breakage and hair fall.

Allergic reactions

Paraphenyldiamine is an allergen that is included in hair dyes. It can cause itching, skin irritation, redness, and swelling. People who have dermatitis, eczema, and psoriasis can have severe reactions and should avoid hair dyes.

Effect on Pregnancy

Colouring hair can prove to be fatal for pregnant women’s unborn infant as it may cause malignancy.


Persulfates are also present in hair dyes and can aggravate asthma. Continuous inhalation of the chemicals can cause coughing, lung inflammation, and even asthma attacks.

Hair Color Alternatives

  • Henna

Henna is a natural plant-based dye that’s traditionally used to create temporary tattoos directly on the skin. It can also be used to dye your hair red. Henna comes in powder form and is probably the longest-lasting, most vibrant natural hair dye option. The color can last as long as four to six weeks.

  • Beet Juice

For deeper rent tint with cooler undertones, you can use beet juice. Just mix the beet juice with a carrier oil, apply it to your hair, and then wrap your hair. Wait at least an hour before washing your hair.

  • Lemon Juice

To achieve sun-kissed highlights naturally, use lemon juice to help strip your hair pigments slowly and lightning it over time. The lightning effect of lemon juice is permanent, and you can only get rid of this lightened hair by cutting it off.

To use lemon juice to color your hair:

  1. Pour the lemon juice into the spray bottle and spray it liberally onto your hair.
  2. Spread the juice evenly through your hair by using a comb.
  3. For optimal results, sit outside under the sun and leave the lemon juice for at least an hour before washing it.

It works slowly, and to achieve the desired effect, you will likely require to repeat sessions.

  • Coffee

A cup of brewed coffee can do more than give you a caffeine boost. It can also help dye your hair a shade or two darker and may even cover up some gray hair. To dye, your hair with coffee, brewed a strong cup of dark-roast coffee and mixed about ½ cup of coffee with 2 tbsp. of coffee grounds and 1 cup of leave-in hair conditioner. Apply the mixture to clean and damp hair and let it sit for at least an hour before washing. Repeat if necessary. You can use this method if you need a quick and affordable boost because it won’t provide a drastic change to your hair and won’t last long.

In conclusion, hair coloring is indeed fun to do, but there are side effects that we should consider before getting it. Chemical-based hair dyes can cause hair breakage and damage. You can try an alternative and natural way to do hair color. However, it would be best if you did hair and scalp analysis before getting any hair color treatments.